Pairwork: What, When and Why?
Some of the important features of the communicative approach to language teaching are enhanced interaction and lessons that are student- rather than teacher-centered. These features assume increased student talking time and cooperation. One way to reach this is to implement pairwork or groupwork.
Pairwork is a stage at a lesson when students:
Work together to complete a certain task
Have a discussion
Students tend to be less self-conscious when talking to a peer than to a teacher. This promotes fluency
Pairwork takes the pressure of providing correct answers off your students' shoulders
It develops soft skills, such as teamwork
It helps you save time
At the Lead-in, Task 2 and Follow-up stages of a skill-based lesson
At Controlled Practice and Freer Practice stages of a language-based lesson